Reports & Research

The Alliance has compiled some of the most useful information about the cookstoves and fuels sectors to populate this searchable database, including market assessments, consumer behavior and preference information, and other research studies. The database will be updated frequently as we continue to build our knowledge database, and as always we appreciate our partners’ input. If you have any reports or research to add to this database, please send it to knowledge@cleancookstoves.org

Year
Language
Country
 
Análisis del Mercado de Perú – Opciones de Intervención
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 1, 2012

Las oportunidades básicas dentro del sector de estufas peruanas incrementan la concientización dentro de la población más extensa, promoviendo en el gobierno local que tome participación e incremente el enfoque en la sostenibilidad del proyecto, es decir, monitoreo y evaluación, mantenimiento, apoyo posterior a la implementación. Los programas de estufas deberían construirse en la fortaleza del sector para fomentar que la empresa privada aborde la demanda en los hogares no elegibles para iniciativas de "estufas gratuitas", así como para mejorar los procedimientos de reparación y reemplazo. El gobierno impulsa que los combustibles limpios debieran apoyarse de una forma que limita las consecuencias para el sector/sociedad en general.

Análisis del Mercado de Perú - Situación del Sector
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 1, 2012

Actualmente, 34% de los hogares peruanos cocinan con queroseno o combustibles sólidos sin chimenea, por lo que sufren de contaminación del aire interior o del hogar (CAI). La Organización Mundial de la Salud estima que como resultado, mueren unas 1,500 personas. Aunque ahora el enfoque se basa en los beneficios de salud de las estufas mejoradas (ICS por sus siglas en inglés), el motivo principal era la deforestación. 60% del Perú está cubierto por bosque tropical, aproximadamente un 20% del Amazonas. Al mismo tiempo que las prácticas agrícolas de roza y quema siguen siendo la mayor amenaza en la región, las estufas mejoradas se visualizan como un método adicional para contrarrestar la deforestación. Para el año 2018, Perú, por medio de financiamiento internacional, buscará detener completamente la deforestación, la cual es responsable de un 18% de emisiones de carbono a nivel mundial.

Análisis del Mercado de Colombia – Opciones de Intervención
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 1, 2012

El impacto significativo a la salud de contaminación del aire interior da la pauta para las intervenciones de estufas en Colombia. Ahora es un buen momento para actuar, pues el gobierno y varias ONG y empresas privadas empiezan proyectos que pudieran beneficiarse enormemente de las mejores prácticas internacionales. La Alianza puede contribuir principalmente al albergar un ambiente favorable en Colombia, y también podría impulsar el mercado naciente de estufas al facilitar la demanda y fortalecer la oferta.

Análisis del Mercado de Colombia - Situación del Sector
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 1, 2012

Colombia es un país muy urbanizado pues un 75% de los 11.5 millones de viviendas se encuentran en las áreas urbanas. Su economía crece rápidamente y actualmente, es un país de ingresos superiores a los de nivel medio. Sin embargo, el crecimiento no está distribuido de forma equitativa, pues más del 45% de la población sigue viviendo debajo de la línea nacional de pobreza. El gobierno liberal ha anunciado planes para combatir este problema por medio de la adopción del Plan de Desarrollo Nacional 2011-2014 con el título de "prosperidad para todos".

Ghana Consumer Segmentation Study
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on April 8, 2014

This report summarizes a consumer segmentation and preference study of the Ghanaian clean cookstoves and fuels market commissioned by the Alliance. Key research objectives included: 1. identify the 3 consumer segments with the greatest potential to reach scale for clean cook stove and fuel adoption in Ghana and 2. better understand the needs of users and to reveal the market triggers that can facilitate large-scale and sustained uptake of clean cooking technologies.

Summary Report: Kenyan and Global Updates Announcements
Alliance Reports and Research | Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves | Released on February 4, 2014

Kenya is a catalytic force in the global clean cooking sector’s efforts to ensure that cooking does not kill. From supporting new cookstove standards to participating in groundbreaking research to hosting entrepreneurs who are meeting market needs and improving livelihoods, the public and private sectors in Kenya are critical to the achievement of the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves’ mission and goals. This series of announcements in February 2014 mark an important turning point in Kenyan, East African and global efforts to save lives and the planet through the creation of a market for clean cooking solutions.

Understanding Consumer Preference and Willingness to Pay for Improved Cookstoves in Bangladesh
Alliance Reports and Research, Gender | J Rosenbaum, et al. | Released on August 1, 2013

This study uses qualitative and quantitative methods that draw from social marketing and social science to explore consumer perceptions of five of the most promising ICS potentially available for distribution in Bangladesh. The study complements other efforts by a range of stakeholders to strengthen market‐based approaches and consumer choice for improving household air quality and reducing the environmental impacts associated with dependence on biomass fuels.

Kenya Country Action Plan (CAP)
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on December 1, 2013

The Kenya Country Action Plan (CAP) outlines the results of a process facilitated by the Country Coordinating Partners (GIZ & SNV) and the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, where Kenyan stakeholders identified the major barriers to widespread adoption of clean cookstoves and fuels in Kenya, the desired outcomes, and the intervention options and mechanisms necessary to effectively overcome the challenges outlined. Through a combination of stakeholder workshops, one-on-one meetings, online forums, surveys, and comment periods, Kenyan stakeholders and cooking sector experts identified, refined, and prioritized a comprehensive list of intervention options that will remove the barriers to widespread adoption of clean cookstoves and fuels in Kenya. These interventions will catalyze the clean cookstove and fuel market and contribute an estimated 7 million out of the targeted 100 million households adopting clean cookstoves and fuels by 2020.

Bangladesh Country Action Plan (CAP)
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on November 1, 2013

Bangladesh Country Action Plan for Clean Cookstoves (CAP) defines what is needed to kick-start and develop the Bangladesh clean cookstove market. The CAP makes the case for taking immediate action towards achieving the goal of 100% clean cooking solutions by 2030. It identifies key barriers to the large scale adoption of clean cookstoves and fuels, the desired outcomes if these barriers are removed, as well as potential intervention options and mechanisms for quickly and effectively taking action. Stakeholders have incorporated their thoughts and understanding and have tailored this CAP for Bangladesh’s cookstoves and fuels market, social customs, infrastructure and for the task of combating challenges like deforestation, indoor air pollution etc. The target of this CAP is to disseminate cookstoves to over 30 million households in Bangladesh by 2030: current market penetration represents just 3% of the target potential, indicating the scale of the challenge and the critical need for a more coordinated, innovative and integrated approach. An approved national action plan is a key step to strengthen overall planning (avoid duplication), coordination (share best practices) and collaboration (increase synergies and capitalize on economies of scale) amongst relevant sector actors with the ultimate goal to create a sustainable market and to scale up current interventions.

GLPGP – Kenya Market Assessment
Alliance Reports and Research, Cookstove Technology, Gender, Other | Dahlberg | Released on August 28, 2013

This report details the findings of a study commissioned by the Alliance and the Global LPG Partnership to assess the opportunities for LPG to be scaled up as a clean cooking fuel in Kenya. The two main areas of analysis in the study are: Demand Assessment: Understand baseline LPG demand, demand drivers, market segmentation for LPG and forecast future demand accounting for different scenarios and LPG Market Structure Assessment: Understand LPG value chain – players, types of investments etc., and prioritize key gaps to be addressed in the value chain including policy issues. The goals of the market assessment were to: estimate the total market potential for LPG usage for cooking by households in Kenya; develop a rich fact base around the opportunities and challenges related to accelerating the use of LPG for cooking in Kenya; and provide an early assessment of the potential for investments or other interventions across the LPG value chain in Kenya to increase access to LPG cooking fuels and stoves.

Assessment of Ethanol as a Household Fuel in Madagascar - A
Cookstove Technology | | Released on February 1, 2011

This study responds to a request by the Government of Madagascar to the World Bank for analytical support in the development of alternative clean household energy sources. Component A evaluates the effectiveness of three household energy interventions and in comparison to a control group in one highland location (Ambositra) and one coastal location (Vatomandry). Component B provides a broad-based cost-benefit analysis of possible household ethanol development scenarios drawing on both international sector experience and primary data and contextual factors in Madagascar. Component C reviews the health benefits, cost-effectiveness and scaling-up and sustainability considerations of past household energy interventions, and outlines key lessons relevant for the Madagascar scenario. Results of the study show significant CO and PM reductions measured in households cooking with ethanol stoves and fuel and a strong economic argument for support of the wider use of ethanol stoves as an alternative to solid fuel stoves in Madagascar.

Assessment of Ethanol as a Household Fuel in Madagascar - B
Cookstove Technology | | Released on December 3, 2010

This study responds to a request by the Government of Madagascar to the World Bank for analytical support in the development of alternative clean household energy sources. Component A evaluates the effectiveness of three household energy interventions and in comparison to a control group in one highland location (Ambositra) and one coastal location (Vatomandry). Component B provides a broad-based cost-benefit analysis of possible household ethanol development scenarios drawing on both international sector experience and primary data and contextual factors in Madagascar. Component C reviews the health benefits, cost-effectiveness and scaling-up and sustainability considerations of past household energy interventions, and outlines key lessons relevant for the Madagascar scenario. Results of the study show significant CO and PM reductions measured in households cooking with ethanol stoves and fuel and a strong economic argument for support of the wider use of ethanol stoves as an alternative to solid fuel stoves in Madagascar.

Assessment of Ethanol as a Household Fuel in Madagascar - C
Cookstove Technology | | Released on March 1, 2011

This study responds to a request by the Government of Madagascar to the World Bank for analytical support in the development of alternative clean household energy sources. Component A evaluates the effectiveness of three household energy interventions and in comparison to a control group in one highland location (Ambositra) and one coastal location (Vatomandry). Component B provides a broad-based cost-benefit analysis of possible household ethanol development scenarios drawing on both international sector experience and primary data and contextual factors in Madagascar. Component C reviews the health benefits, cost-effectiveness and scaling-up and sustainability considerations of past household energy interventions, and outlines key lessons relevant for the Madagascar scenario. Results of the study show significant CO and PM reductions measured in households cooking with ethanol stoves and fuel and a strong economic argument for support of the wider use of ethanol stoves as an alternative to solid fuel stoves in Madagascar.

Kenya Consumer Segmentation Study - Phase 1
Alliance Reports and Research, Gender, Environment, Other | | Released on November 20, 2013

This report details the phase one findings of a study commissioned by the Alliance to identify the main consumer segments in Kenya and examine those with the greatest potential to reach large scale clean cook stove and fuel adoption. The objective of the first phase of the study was to closely examine the top five most promising consumer segments to understand their current relationship to improved cookstoves and fuels as well as their motivation to and reservations about purchasing household consumer products, in order to then narrow the focus to the top three segments. Phase two of the study will be completed in early 2014 and will seek to better understand the needs and behaviors of the consumers in the top three identified segments in several areas, including: the best ways to reach the consumer, marketing messaging that would influence the consumer, financing models available to and preferred by the consumer, cooking and household energy needs of the consumer, and the cultural implications of a shift in tradition for the consumer.

Cambodia Market Assessment - Intervention Options
Alliance Reports and Research | USAID | Released on July 22, 2013

Cambodia is an agricultural country located in the Lower Mekong region of Southeast Asia. It shares land borders with Thailand, Laos and Vietnam, and comprises an area of 181,035 km. Approximately 80 percent of the population lives in rural areas and 23 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. In rural areas, roughly 95 percent of households depend on biomass fuel for cooking which ensures potential future demand for improved cookstoves (ICS).

Scaling Adoption of Clean Cooking Solutions through Women’s Empowerment
Alliance Reports and Research, Gender, Environment | CORINNE HART and GENEVIEVE SMITH | Released on September 25, 2013

The Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves recognizes that women have critical roles to play across the entire clean cooking value chain, and has explicitly prioritized women in their mission to save lives, improve livelihoods, empower women, and protect the environment by creating a thriving global market for clean cookstoves and fuels. This Report Guide outlines common challenges and best practices for engaging and empowering women in each segment of the clean cooking value chain by examining highly successful case studies in which women play lead roles. By using this Report Guide practitioners will be equipped with both an understanding of why women have a critical role to play, how to involve them, and the myriad of benefits that come when unleashing women’s potential. Enterprises will experience the bottom line impacts of leveraging women’s talents, and households and communities will directly benefit from the social and environmental benefits from sustained adoption of these life-saving solutions.

RESULTS REPORT 2012: Sharing Progress on the Path to Adoption of Clean Cooking Solutions (Executive Summary)
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on September 25, 2013

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: This report tracks partners’ global progress in 2012 toward their shared adoption goal, building on previous years’ results reporting conducted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Partnership for Clean Indoor Air (PCIA). This year, as part of its commitment to monitoring and evaluation, the Alliance assumed lead responsibility for annual results reporting. In doing so, the Alliance has refined and further expanded results reporting to better enable a broader group of stakeholders to share progress and learn from one another. The 2012 Results Report: Sharing Partner Progress on the Path to Adoption of Clean Cooking Solutions is envisioned to be the first in a series of annual results reports illuminating traction and trends in the cookstove and fuel sector. Since comparison with PCIA’s early data provides limited information on stove distribution trends, in most cases the information collected here will serve as the broader baseline for future reporting. (8 MB, 12 pages)

RESULTS REPORT 2012: Sharing Progress on the Path to Adoption of Clean Cooking Solutions (Full Report)
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on September 25, 2013

FULL REPORT: This report tracks partners’ global progress in 2012 toward their shared adoption goal, building on previous years’ results reporting conducted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Partnership for Clean Indoor Air (PCIA). This year, as part of its commitment to monitoring and evaluation, the Alliance assumed lead responsibility for annual results reporting. In doing so, the Alliance has refined and further expanded results reporting to better enable a broader group of stakeholders to share progress and learn from one another. The 2012 Results Report: Sharing Partner Progress on the Path to Adoption of Clean Cooking Solutions is envisioned to be the first in a series of annual results reports illuminating traction and trends in the cookstove and fuel sector. Since comparison with PCIA’s early data provides limited information on stove distribution trends, in most cases the information collected here will serve as the broader baseline for future reporting. (3MB, 48 pages)

Peru Market Assessment Executive Summary
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 1, 2012

The Peruvian market is well established, with a well-coordinated national campaign bringing together all major implementers. Peru was also the first country to join the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves and the Partnership for Clean Indoor Air (PCIA) Bi-Annual Forum was held in-country in 2011. In Peru, 34% of households currently cook with kerosene or solid fuels without a chimney, hence suffering from indoor air pollution (IAP). The WHO estimates that this results in 1,5002 annually. Although the focus is now clearly on improving health, deforestation was the original driver since Peru is aiming to halt all deforestation by 2018 (with international funding). As such, the government and a handful of NGOs began implementing ICS initiatives in the 80s, although the realities with regard to stove efficiency are unclear. CentroECO was one of the first NGOs to undertake a systematic approach to the issue of household cooking practices, taking a holistic approach to the sector to understand which stoves were likely to be successful and offered sufficient efficiency improvements. They also addressed the issues of ‘stove ownership’, using an innovative micro financing technique.

Peru Market Assessment Intervention Options
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 1, 2012

The key opportunities within the Peruvian cookstove sector are increasing awareness within the wider population, encouraging local government to take ownership and increasing the focus on project sustainability e.g. monitoring and evaluation, maintenance, supporting post implementation. Cookstove programs should build on the strength of the sector to encourage private companies to address demand in households not eligible for ‘free stove’ initiatives, as well as improving repair and replacement procedures. The government drive for clean fuels should be supported in a manner that limits negative consequences to the sector/society overall.

Peru Market Assessment Sector Mapping
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 1, 2012

34% of Peruvian households currently cook with kerosene or solid fuels without a chimney, and suffer from indoor air pollution (IAP). The World Health Organization estimates that 1,500 deaths are a result of this. While the focus is now on the health benefits of improved cookstoves (ICS), the original driver was deforestation. 60% of Peru is covered by rainforest – roughly 20% of the Amazon. Although slash and burn farming remains the major threat in the region, ICS is seen as an additional method of addressing deforestation. Peru aims to completely halt deforestation, which globally accounts for 18% of carbon emissions, by 2018 with international funding.

Mexico Market Assessment Executive Summary
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on September 28, 2012

This document summarizes the Mexican Cookstove and Fuels Market Assessment conducted by Accenture Development Partnerships (ADP) on behalf of the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves. Sixteen assessments were conducted across the world as part of a broader effort by the Alliance to enhance sector market intelligence and knowledge. They are intended to provide a high level snapshot of the sector (based on mid 2012). Further detail on these assessments can be found at the end of this document.

Mexico Market Assessment Intervention Options
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on September 28, 2012

Top government priorities such as eliminating extreme poverty, and reducing deforestation and carbon emissions have been the major drivers for cookstove programs in Mexico in recent years. Due to the country’s recent economic growth, funding has not been a limiting factor for cookstove programs and most improved cookstoves distributed have been fully subsidized. Households living in marginal or very marginal conditions in small communities -mostly in rural areas- are the main consumers of fire wood for cooking, including 95% of indigenous communities. Even when electricity and gas are available, these communities cannot afford it, so improved biomass stoves are the only alternative for them. Mexican cooking habits require that any stove solution has at minimum an iron skillet (called “comal”), but a single stove solution is not possible since the diversity of cooking traditions due to large ethnic, climate and topology differences requires stove adaptations by region. Although many organizations have pursued improved cookstoves initiatives in Mexico and several models have been developed and installed across the country, in total they have only addressed about 10% of the potential market, so there is an opportunity to coordinate efforts to address the remaining 90% in a quicker more efficient way -this includes the need for an official standards, testing and accreditation organization for stove designs, stove manufacturers and stove builders. While there are three carbon cookstove programs in progress both in the CDM and voluntary market pending registration or validation for 2012, all focused on the long-term use of the stoves, coordination between the government and carbon credit developers will be critical to the further development of this high potential carbon market to avoid falling under “additionality” rule in future programs.

Mexico Market Assessment Sector Mapping
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on September 28, 2012

Mexico, a 113 million person middle-income emerging market with an abundant supply of natural resources and a number of strong industries, has positioned itself as a regional power. However, a significant part of the population (22%) has not received the benefits of the country’s recent economic growth and still lives in high and very high levels of marginality, mostly in rural areas. It is estimated that over six million households use firewood as primary or secondary fuel source to cook, and are affected by indoor air pollution. Historically the government lacked data to understand the magnitude and complexity of the problem, but in recent years, very detailed information has been compiled, and multiple programs have been launched to address poverty and indoor air pollution. However, the main driver for the government’s cookstove dissemination programs targeting 600,000 families by 2012 has been environmental as part of a national commitment to reduce GHG emissions by 50% between 2000 and 2050. Addressing the Mexican market is challenging because of the country’s large geography and extreme dispersal of the communities, including almost five million people living in rural communities without access to roads. In addition, the diversity of the population and their traditions - especially those of the more than six million indigenous communities whose mother tongue is not Spanish - not only requires adaptations of the cookstoves, but also of the programs and their approach. Although the existence of a large number of prior cookstove projects and market players in Mexico is encouraging, more coordinated efforts could help address existing gaps in the cookstove value chain, such as awareness raising, cookstove certification, distribution, monitoring and maintenance. This coordination of efforts - maybe through an independent organization - could help address the lack of long term vision that some programs have had,partially due to government changes every six years.

Igniting Change: Una Estrategia para la Adopción Universal de Estufas y Combustibles Limpios
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on September 21, 2013

El humo de las estufas tradicionales y fogatas ha sido un asesino silencioso en los países en desarrollo durante mucho tiempo. A pesar de que hay signos importantes de que el sector está en un momento clave, se requiere una estrategia conjunta y coordinada para desarrollar un mercado próspero de estufas y combustibles limpios para maximizar estas oportunidades y transformar el sector. La Alianza Global para Estufas Limpias ha estado al frente de los recientes esfuerzos por catalizar una revolución en el sector y movilizar compromisos nacionales y de donativos de alto nivel hacia la meta de la adopción universal de estufas y combustibles limpios. Su ambiciosa meta en diez años de fomentar la adopción de estufas y combustibles limpios en 100 millones de casas para el año 2020 ha movilizado el apoyo de una amplia variedad de partes interesadas privadas, públicas y no lucrativas. Al proporcionar lineamientos para una acción conjunta y resultados mensurables que pueden cambiar literalmente por completo la vida de casi tres mil millones de personas en todo el mundo, la Estrategia del Sector fomentará una visión unificada para el sector creando al mismo tiempo un sentido común de compromiso entre todas las partes interesadas en las acciones más críticas requeridas para la adopción universal de estufas y combustibles limpios.

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