Reports & Research

The Alliance has compiled some of the most useful information about the cookstoves and fuels sectors to populate this searchable database, including market assessments, consumer behavior and preference information, and other research studies. The database will be updated frequently as we continue to build our knowledge database, and as always we appreciate our partners’ input. If you have any reports or research to add to this database, please send it to

2013 Results Report: Sharing Partner Progress on the Path to Adoption of Clean Cooking Solutions
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 21, 2014

The Alliance's annual results reporting process is designed to provide a better understanding of the annual activities of the Alliance and its partners, with a focus on global progress towards the adoption of cleaner, more efficient cooking technologies and fuels. The 2013 Results Report: Sharing Partner Progress on the Path to Adoption of Clean Cooking Solutions is the second in a series of annual Alliance reports illuminating traction and trends in the cookstove and fuel sector. Information presented in this report is based on self-reported data collected from the Alliance's diverse partnership base, including cookstove and fuel designers, manufacturers, distributors, testing organizations, researchers, local implementing partners, consultants, carbon project developers, multilateral institutions, investors, donors, and other organizations. The majority of the data was collected through an online survey designed, administered, and analyzed by Forest Trends' Ecosystem Marketplace, with technical and outreach support from the Alliance secretariat and its focus country market managers.

Factors Influencing Adoption and Use - China
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 20, 2014

This report presents the results of a systematic review of Chinese language literature regarding the key enablers and barriers influencing the adoption of improved stoves and clean fuels. A recent review commissioned by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and registered with the Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPI-Centre) at the University of Liverpool reviewed 101 studies across Asia, Africa and Latin America to identify the key enablers and barriers influencing the adoption of improved stoves and clean fuel. This review, conducted using state-of-the-art qualitative and quantitative approaches, employed a comprehensive and systematic search strategy with one major limitation: the study did not include Chinese language peer-reviewed literature (although all available English-language studies of this experience were included). Given that China conducted the world’s largest cookstove program in the 1980s-1990s with over 180 million improved stoves disseminated and the historical lack of publication of results from Chinese research in the English language literature, a complementary review of the Chinese language literature evaluating adoption within the Chinese context was warranted

An Approach to Promote REDD+ Compatible Wood-fuel Value Chains
Cookstove Technology, Environment | | Released on June 1, 2014

This report outlines research that SNV undertook to examine the wood-fuel value chain and to identify key issues that preclude wood-fuel from being used sustainably. Based on this, SNV developed an approach that can help policy makers and practitioners to better understand the wood-fuel value chain and to target interventions in ways that contribute to reducing forest degradation and improve the livelihoods of those communities involved in the sector. While this approach may have wider application, the focus is Sub-Saharan Africa.

Gender, Other | Natalia A. Blackburn | Released on July 8, 2014

How do solar cooking households compare with the average household in the U.S.? The answer will be significant for solar cooker development and marketing plans, and utility incentive acquisition programs. To date, no work has been published which presents these comparisons. To take the first step, a survey was conducted interviewing U.S. solar cooks about their cooking habits during the summer of 2012. Several survey questions paralleled the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), a well-regarded triennial survey administered by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

Gender, Other | Natalia A. Blackburn | Released on July 8, 2014

Thermal solar cookers have been used in sunny United States (U.S.) locations to cook food to reduce energy consumption, to save money, and to “go off-the-grid.” The 2009 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (2009 RECS) data indicates that cooking represents approximately 7% of the total electrical consumption in U.S. households. A significant portion of that energy can be saved by solar cooking, but to date there has been no published data to substantiate this. In the last decade, we have witnessed acceptance of more efficient household products. Some of these save very little for each household, but have their greatest impact on the larger utility and community scale. For solar cookers to gain acceptance at these levels; however, there must be a better substantiated understanding of the potential savings achievable from them.

Servicio de Fortalecimiento Empresarial para las Empresas de Cocción Limpia
| | Released on August 19, 2014

Fortalecer la oferta de soluciones de cocción limpia a través del financiamiento de asistencia técnica para la expansión de empresas de estufas y combustibles limpios en toda la cadena de valor a fin de aumentar su capacidad para escalar, asegurar la viabilidad comercial y apalancar la inversión privada.

Fondo Spark para Empresas de Cocción Limpia
| | Released on August 19, 2014

En 2012, la Alianza creó el Fondo Spark, un servicio de subvenciones diseñado para reproducir la inversión en etapas iniciales. El objetivo de este servicio es financiar la generación y el crecimiento de la capacidad empresarial para ayudar a que las empresas logren la viabilidad comercial y amplíen su alcance.

Fondo para Innovaciones Piloto para Empresas de Cocción Limpia
| | Released on August 19, 2014

En 2012, la Alianza lanzó el Fondo para innovaciones piloto (Pilot Innovation Fund, PIF) con el fin de financiar la evidencia de las ideas de enfoques innovadores a lo largo de la cadena de valor diseñados para fortalecer la oferta y mejorar la demanda de estufas y combustibles limpios. A cambio del capital simiente para financiar y poner a prueba estas innovaciones, los beneficiaros deben documentar las lecciones que hayan aprendido y compartir sus resultados para que progrese la concientización de soluciones redimensionables en el sector.

Fondo de Capital Circulante para Cocción Limpia
| | Released on August 19, 2014

La Alianza está trabajando con el Grupo Financiero para el Desarrollo de la Comunidad del Deutsche Bank (Deutsche Bank’s Community Development Finance Group) para estructurar un Fondo de capital circulante para cocción limpia renovable de US$ 4 millones (US$ 2 millones de capitalización inicial a través de subvenciones seguidos por US$ 2 millones de reposiciones subsiguientes del fondo). El fondo distribuirá préstamos de capital circulante y garantías para préstamos a las empresas que no puedan tener acceso a formas más tradicionales de financiamiento de la deuda.

Aumento de la Inversión en el Sector de Cocción Limpia
| | Released on August 19, 2014

A fin de aumentar la inversión para ampliar el sector de estufas limpias, la Alianza está trabajando para preparar el mercado para su expansión, apoyar el desarrollo de empresas comercialmente viables y redimensionable y despertar la concientización de la comunidad de inversores acerca de las oportunidades dentro del sector.

Clean Cooking and Child Survival Meeting Report
Alliance Reports and Research, Health | | Released on May 13, 2014

On May 13th, 2014, the Alliance brought together researchers from various academic institutions and countries in the fields of child health and environmental science and experience in clean cookstoves and/or child survival to discuss the past, present and future of research efforts on child survival and clean cooking (see Appendix 1 for a listing of participants). The purpose of this meeting was to convene researchers currently or potentially conducting randomized control trials focused on the link between exposure to household air pollution and child survival. Additional topics to be addressed were intended to facilitate the harmonization of approaches taken across studies, including: evaluation of the intensity of adoption, challenges with outcome assessments in field settings, and potential methods and approaches to exposure assessment. Confirmed participants included researchers from ongoing Alliance-funded studies on clean cooking and child survival in Ghana, Nepal, and Nigeria; the recently launched study in Malawi; and the Guatemala trial. Also participating were colleagues working in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, and India. This meeting provided an opportunity for researchers to share progress, interim results, and learnings from their experience. A few representatives of the public and private sector with an interest in child survival also participated.

Guía Para el Desarrollo de Adopción y de Índices & Impacto
Alliance Reports and Research, Gender | Karin Troncoso | Released on June 16, 2014

La Alianza Global por las cocinas limpias (Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves en inglés) ha identificado la necesidad de desarrollar una serie de herramientas para medir los resultados de los programas de implementación de estufas (cocinas) limpias, basada en la perspectiva de los usuarios de estas estufas. Esta guía pretende enseñar cómo evaluar la adopción y el impacto que han tenido las estufas limpias de acuerdo a los beneficios percibidos por las usuarias y está dirigido hacia una gran variedad de actores incluyendo al sector privado, ONGs, organizaciones comunitarias, agencias de gobierno, donantes, agencias de desarrollo, diseñadores de políticas, inversionistas e instituciones académicas.

A Recipe for Developing Adoption & Impact Indices
Alliance Reports and Research, Gender | Karin Troncoso | Released on June 16, 2014

The Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves has identified the need to develop a set of tools to measure the results of clean cookstove implementation programs, based on a users’ perspective approach. This guide is intended to show how to evaluate the adoption and the impact of a clean cookstove in terms of the benefits perceived by the users of these technologies and is meant for a wide-variety of sector stakeholders, including practitioners (private sector players, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), community-based organizations (CBOs), government agencies, etc.), donors, policymakers, development agencies, investors and academic institutions.

Guatemala Country Action Plan
Alliance Reports and Research | Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves | Released on May 1, 2014

With the aim of removing barriers to the adoption of clean cookstoves and fuels at scale in Guatemala, the Country Action Plan (CAP) helps to organize information and identify activities relevant to all stakeholders in the sector (manufacturers, implementers, government, universities, and donors). It was prepared with support from the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves and contributions from sector stakeholders.

Guatemala Country Action Plan Annexes
Alliance Reports and Research | Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves | Released on May 1, 2014

The annexes of the Guatemala Country Action Plan include: Annex 1: Sector Mapping ; Annex 2: Non-Governmental Stakeholders; Annex 3: Members of the Wood and Energy Inter-institutional Roundtable; Annex 4: Cookstoves available in Guatemala; Annex 5: Indicators for Measuring Progress of CAP Interventions.

Plan de Acción Nacional de Guatemala
Alliance Reports and Research | Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves | Released on May 1, 2014

Con el objetivo de levantar las barreras que impiden la adopción de estufas y combustibles limpios a gran escala en Guatemala, el Plan de Acción Nacional para estufas y combustibles limpios contribuye a organizar la información e identificar las actividades relevantes para todos los actores del sector (fabricantes, implementadores, gobierno, universidades y donantes). Se preparó con el apoyo de la Alianza Global para Estufas Limpias y las aportaciones de los actores del sector.

Plan de Acción Nacional de Guatemala Anexos
Alliance Reports and Research | Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves | Released on May 1, 2014

Los anexos del Plan de Acción de Nacional de Guatemala incluyen: Anexo 1: Situación del sector; Anexo 2: Actores no gubernamentales; Anexo 3: Miembros de la Mesa Intersectorial de Uso Sostenible de la Leña; Anexo 4: Estufas disponibles en Guatemala; Anexo 5: Indicadores de seguimiento de las intervenciones del Plan de Acción.

The Kaleidoscope of Cooking - Understanding Cooking Behaviour and Stove Preferences in Rural India
Gender | | Released on April 22, 2014

GIZ under the Indo-German Energy Programme, and in close cooperation with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), explored cooking patterns and consumer preferences for improved cookstoves (ICS) in the three Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. GIZ developed a methodology to measure stove preferences and acceptance and applied it in 180 households. The methodology included rotating six different stove models through all 180 households over a period of six weeks while collecting detailed user feedback on a weekly basis. The study’s main findings underline the need to better incorporate local contexts and prevailing traditional cooking behaviour and user preferences in stove selection for future cookstove interventions. Besides helping to identify appropriate clean cooking technologies suitable for the needs of users living in different geographical and socio-economic contexts, the report also describes suggestions from rural cooks to improve existing ICS further in order to better meet their cooking requirements.

Ghana Consumer Segmentation Study Executive Summary
Gender | | Released on April 8, 2014

This document summarizes a consumer segmentation and preference study of the Ghanaian clean cookstoves and fuels market commissioned by the Alliance. Key research objectives included: 1. identify the 3 consumer segments with the greatest potential to reach scale for clean cook stove and fuel adoption in Ghana and 2. better understand the needs of users and to reveal the market triggers that can facilitate large-scale and sustained uptake of clean cooking technologies.

Análisis del Mercado de Perú – Opciones de Intervención
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 1, 2012

Las oportunidades básicas dentro del sector de estufas peruanas incrementan la concientización dentro de la población más extensa, promoviendo en el gobierno local que tome participación e incremente el enfoque en la sostenibilidad del proyecto, es decir, monitoreo y evaluación, mantenimiento, apoyo posterior a la implementación. Los programas de estufas deberían construirse en la fortaleza del sector para fomentar que la empresa privada aborde la demanda en los hogares no elegibles para iniciativas de "estufas gratuitas", así como para mejorar los procedimientos de reparación y reemplazo. El gobierno impulsa que los combustibles limpios debieran apoyarse de una forma que limita las consecuencias para el sector/sociedad en general.

Análisis del Mercado de Perú - Situación del Sector
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 1, 2012

Actualmente, 34% de los hogares peruanos cocinan con queroseno o combustibles sólidos sin chimenea, por lo que sufren de contaminación del aire interior o del hogar (CAI). La Organización Mundial de la Salud estima que como resultado, mueren unas 1,500 personas. Aunque ahora el enfoque se basa en los beneficios de salud de las estufas mejoradas (ICS por sus siglas en inglés), el motivo principal era la deforestación. 60% del Perú está cubierto por bosque tropical, aproximadamente un 20% del Amazonas. Al mismo tiempo que las prácticas agrícolas de roza y quema siguen siendo la mayor amenaza en la región, las estufas mejoradas se visualizan como un método adicional para contrarrestar la deforestación. Para el año 2018, Perú, por medio de financiamiento internacional, buscará detener completamente la deforestación, la cual es responsable de un 18% de emisiones de carbono a nivel mundial.

Análisis del Mercado de Colombia – Opciones de Intervención
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 1, 2012

El impacto significativo a la salud de contaminación del aire interior da la pauta para las intervenciones de estufas en Colombia. Ahora es un buen momento para actuar, pues el gobierno y varias ONG y empresas privadas empiezan proyectos que pudieran beneficiarse enormemente de las mejores prácticas internacionales. La Alianza puede contribuir principalmente al albergar un ambiente favorable en Colombia, y también podría impulsar el mercado naciente de estufas al facilitar la demanda y fortalecer la oferta.

Análisis del Mercado de Colombia - Situación del Sector
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on October 1, 2012

Colombia es un país muy urbanizado pues un 75% de los 11.5 millones de viviendas se encuentran en las áreas urbanas. Su economía crece rápidamente y actualmente, es un país de ingresos superiores a los de nivel medio. Sin embargo, el crecimiento no está distribuido de forma equitativa, pues más del 45% de la población sigue viviendo debajo de la línea nacional de pobreza. El gobierno liberal ha anunciado planes para combatir este problema por medio de la adopción del Plan de Desarrollo Nacional 2011-2014 con el título de "prosperidad para todos".

Ghana Consumer Segmentation Study
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on April 8, 2014

This report summarizes a consumer segmentation and preference study of the Ghanaian clean cookstoves and fuels market commissioned by the Alliance. Key research objectives included: 1. identify the 3 consumer segments with the greatest potential to reach scale for clean cook stove and fuel adoption in Ghana and 2. better understand the needs of users and to reveal the market triggers that can facilitate large-scale and sustained uptake of clean cooking technologies.

Summary Report: Kenyan and Global Updates Announcements
Alliance Reports and Research | Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves | Released on February 4, 2014

Kenya is a catalytic force in the global clean cooking sector’s efforts to ensure that cooking does not kill. From supporting new cookstove standards to participating in groundbreaking research to hosting entrepreneurs who are meeting market needs and improving livelihoods, the public and private sectors in Kenya are critical to the achievement of the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves’ mission and goals. This series of announcements in February 2014 mark an important turning point in Kenyan, East African and global efforts to save lives and the planet through the creation of a market for clean cooking solutions.

Understanding Consumer Preference and Willingness to Pay for Improved Cookstoves in Bangladesh
Alliance Reports and Research, Gender | J Rosenbaum, et al. | Released on August 1, 2013

This study uses qualitative and quantitative methods that draw from social marketing and social science to explore consumer perceptions of five of the most promising ICS potentially available for distribution in Bangladesh. The study complements other efforts by a range of stakeholders to strengthen market‐based approaches and consumer choice for improving household air quality and reducing the environmental impacts associated with dependence on biomass fuels.

Kenya Country Action Plan (CAP)
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on December 1, 2013

The Kenya Country Action Plan (CAP) outlines the results of a process facilitated by the Country Coordinating Partners (GIZ & SNV) and the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, where Kenyan stakeholders identified the major barriers to widespread adoption of clean cookstoves and fuels in Kenya, the desired outcomes, and the intervention options and mechanisms necessary to effectively overcome the challenges outlined. Through a combination of stakeholder workshops, one-on-one meetings, online forums, surveys, and comment periods, Kenyan stakeholders and cooking sector experts identified, refined, and prioritized a comprehensive list of intervention options that will remove the barriers to widespread adoption of clean cookstoves and fuels in Kenya. These interventions will catalyze the clean cookstove and fuel market and contribute an estimated 7 million out of the targeted 100 million households adopting clean cookstoves and fuels by 2020.

Bangladesh Country Action Plan (CAP)
Alliance Reports and Research | | Released on November 1, 2013

Bangladesh Country Action Plan for Clean Cookstoves (CAP) defines what is needed to kick-start and develop the Bangladesh clean cookstove market. The CAP makes the case for taking immediate action towards achieving the goal of 100% clean cooking solutions by 2030. It identifies key barriers to the large scale adoption of clean cookstoves and fuels, the desired outcomes if these barriers are removed, as well as potential intervention options and mechanisms for quickly and effectively taking action. Stakeholders have incorporated their thoughts and understanding and have tailored this CAP for Bangladesh’s cookstoves and fuels market, social customs, infrastructure and for the task of combating challenges like deforestation, indoor air pollution etc. The target of this CAP is to disseminate cookstoves to over 30 million households in Bangladesh by 2030: current market penetration represents just 3% of the target potential, indicating the scale of the challenge and the critical need for a more coordinated, innovative and integrated approach. An approved national action plan is a key step to strengthen overall planning (avoid duplication), coordination (share best practices) and collaboration (increase synergies and capitalize on economies of scale) amongst relevant sector actors with the ultimate goal to create a sustainable market and to scale up current interventions.

GLPGP – Kenya Market Assessment
Alliance Reports and Research, Cookstove Technology, Gender, Other | Dahlberg | Released on August 28, 2013

This report details the findings of a study commissioned by the Alliance and the Global LPG Partnership to assess the opportunities for LPG to be scaled up as a clean cooking fuel in Kenya. The two main areas of analysis in the study are: Demand Assessment: Understand baseline LPG demand, demand drivers, market segmentation for LPG and forecast future demand accounting for different scenarios and LPG Market Structure Assessment: Understand LPG value chain – players, types of investments etc., and prioritize key gaps to be addressed in the value chain including policy issues. The goals of the market assessment were to: estimate the total market potential for LPG usage for cooking by households in Kenya; develop a rich fact base around the opportunities and challenges related to accelerating the use of LPG for cooking in Kenya; and provide an early assessment of the potential for investments or other interventions across the LPG value chain in Kenya to increase access to LPG cooking fuels and stoves.

Assessment of Ethanol as a Household Fuel in Madagascar - A
Cookstove Technology | | Released on February 1, 2011

This study responds to a request by the Government of Madagascar to the World Bank for analytical support in the development of alternative clean household energy sources. Component A evaluates the effectiveness of three household energy interventions and in comparison to a control group in one highland location (Ambositra) and one coastal location (Vatomandry). Component B provides a broad-based cost-benefit analysis of possible household ethanol development scenarios drawing on both international sector experience and primary data and contextual factors in Madagascar. Component C reviews the health benefits, cost-effectiveness and scaling-up and sustainability considerations of past household energy interventions, and outlines key lessons relevant for the Madagascar scenario. Results of the study show significant CO and PM reductions measured in households cooking with ethanol stoves and fuel and a strong economic argument for support of the wider use of ethanol stoves as an alternative to solid fuel stoves in Madagascar.

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